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提高英文翻译能力需要从哪些方面进行调整

  作为福建快3投注:北京翻译公司的译员,提高英文翻译能力是很多译员都在努力的一件事,那么大家是否了解提高英文翻译能力需要从哪些方面进行调整吗?下面详细为大家介绍:

As an interpreter of Beijing translation company, improving English translation ability is something many translators are trying to do. Do you know what adjustments are needed to improve English translation ability? Here is a detailed introduction:

  加强自身基本素养。所谓基本素养,是指翻译者必须具备的基本条件,亦即对翻译者的基本要求。除了应该具有高尚的“译德译风”和严肃认真、一丝不苟的科学态度之外,译者必须具备三方面的素养,即一定的英语水平、较高的汉语修养和丰富的学科专业知识。翻译实践表明,这三方面的素养越高,越能顺利地完成翻译工作。关于英语水平,应注意打牢基础,扩词汇量,广泛阅读,最好能听、说、读、写、译五方面训练同时并进,较之单攻翻译能更快提高英语水平。在汉语修养方面,应加强语法、逻辑、修辞等方面知识的研修,多阅读、多些写作、多练习修改文章。在学科专业知识方面,要努力精通本职业务,多了解相关专业知识;经常阅览国内、外护理专业期刊,掌握学科发展动态。

Strengthen their own basic literacy. The so-called basic literacy refers to the basic conditions that a translator must have, that is, the basic requirements for a translator. In addition to the noble "translation style of morality" and the serious and meticulous scientific attitude, the translator must have three qualities: a certain level of English, a high level of Chinese culture and a wealth of professional knowledge. Translation practice shows that the higher the quality of these three aspects is, the more smoothly the translation can be completed. As for English level, we should pay attention to lay a solid foundation, expand our vocabulary and read widely. It's better to train in listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation at the same time, so as to improve our English level faster than single attack translation. In the aspect of Chinese accomplishment, we should strengthen the study of grammar, logic, rhetoric and other knowledge, read more, write more and practice revising more. In terms of professional knowledge, we should strive to be proficient in our own business and know more about relevant professional knowledge; we should often read domestic and foreign nursing journals to grasp the development trend of the discipline.

  

在翻译实践中锤炼。翻译是一项创造性的语言活动,具有很强的实践性。不通过量的实践而要提高翻译能力,无异于想学游泳却又不下水一样。当然,实践也要讲究科学性。初学者若无行家里手的指点,最好是先找一些难度切合自己水平且有汉语译文的材料进行翻译练习。自己的译文写成后同人家的译文相对照。先看看自己在理解方面是否准确,其次看看自己的表达是否符合汉语的语言习惯,从中找到不足。随着水平的提高,可找些比较简单的本专业基础知识方面的文章进行翻译,以后逐步过渡到英文护理文献的翻译。坚持循序渐进多翻译多投稿,定会果实累累。在时间允许的情况下,最好能坚持每天都多少搞点翻译。随着时间的推移,一定会有长进。

Practice in translation. Translation is a creative language activity with strong practicality. It's the same as wanting to learn to swim but not to go into the water to improve translation ability without practice. Of course, practice should also be scientific. If beginners do not have expert advice, it is best to first find some materials that meet their own level of difficulty and have Chinese translation for translation practice. When his own translation is finished, it is compared with that of others. First of all, we should see whether we are accurate in understanding, and then we should see whether our expression conforms to the Chinese language habits and find out the shortcomings. With the improvement of the level, we can find some relatively simple articles about the basic knowledge of this specialty for translation, and then gradually transition to the translation of English nursing literature. Adhere to the principle of step-by-step translation and submission, and you will be fruitful. If time permits, it's better to insist on doing some translation every day. With the passage of time, there will be progress.

  向他人学习并勇于创新。初学翻译的同志一方面可多读些英汉对照类阅读材料或有汉语注释的英语读物;另一方面还可根据译文类杂志上提供的某篇译文的原文出处去查找到相应的原文,继而进行对照阅读。通过对比分析,可以找出自己的差距,学习和吸收他人在理解原文精神和翻译表达等方面的长处,促进翻译能力的提高。如果是自己选材进行英语翻译,当遇到问题难以解决时,要虚心向他人求教。另外经常阅读一些有关翻译技巧的书籍,也有助于翻译能力的提高。与此同时,还要有敢于创新的精神。在翻译过程中,既不能拘泥于别人提供的译文,也不能受囿于以往形成的条条框框。

Learn from others and be creative. On the one hand, beginners of translation can read more English and Chinese reading materials or English books with Chinese annotations; on the other hand, they can find out the corresponding original text according to the source of a translation provided by translation magazines, and then carry out comparative reading. Through comparative analysis, we can find out our own gap, learn and absorb the strengths of others in understanding the spirit of the original text and translation expression, and promote the improvement of translation ability. If you choose your own materials for English translation, when you encounter problems that are difficult to solve, you should be open-minded and ask others for advice. In addition, reading some books about translation skills often is also helpful to improve the translation ability. At the same time, we should have the spirit of innovation. In the process of translation, we should neither stick to the translation provided by others nor be restricted by the rules and regulations formed in the past.

  以上就是给大家分享的内容,希望可以帮到大家!

The above is for you to share the content, hope to help you!

 

创建时间:2020-10-14 21:13
福建快3投注    提高英文翻译能力需要从哪些方面进行调整

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